Tuesday, April 24, 2012

HOW TO SPLIT CHICKEN. HOW TO MARINADE GRILLED CHICKEN. COOKING TECHNIQUE-GRILLING


HOW TO SPLIT AND TO MARINADE GRILLED CHICKEN

COOKING TECHNIQUES– GRILLING and the right way to do it

GRILLING AND RADIANT HEAT is a form of cooking that involves dry heat applied to the surface of food, commonly from above or below.  Grilling usually involves quite a lot of direct, radiant heat, and tends to be used for cooking quickly, meat that has already been cut into slices (or other pieces).

Food to be grilled is cooked on a “Grill” (an open wire grid with a heat source above or below), a grill pan (similar to a frying pan, but with raised ridges to mimic the wires of an open grill), or griddle (a flat plate heated from below).


Grilling is also termed Broiling and  the pan that holds the food is called a broiler pan.
Direct heat grilling can expose food to temperatures often in excess of 260 °C (500 °F).
Suitable choices of food for the intense dry heat of grilling
-Food should be of good quality  tender items of small / medium  size and are regular in shape to ensure even cooking.
-Meat should have a reasonable fat content - veal escalopes, are so lean that they will just dry out.
-Tough cuts of meat are unsuitable for grilling, because the temperatures are too high, the conditions too dry and the time too short for the connective tissue to be converted into gelatin.
-Tomatoes and mushrooms grill successfully, particularly if they are first brushed with oil, but vegetables with a low moisture content will rapidly dry out and shrivel.

Health benefits of grilling

Lower saturated fats. Grilled foods can become lower in saturated fats, if fat is allowed to drip out after it liquefies in the grilling process.

Health risks of grilling
Carcinogenic effects-  A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide or radiation that is an agent directly involved in causing cancer. This may be due to the damage of cellular metabolic  processes.
Several radioactive substances are carcinogenic, due to their emission of gamma rays and alpha particles. Carcinogen is in tobacco smoke”.  Cancer is a disease which is a no programmed cell death.


Co-carcinogens”   are chemicals that do not cause cancer on their own, but promote the activity of other carcinogens in causing cancer.


Studies have shown that cooking meat, poultry and fish, also frying or baking at high temperatures and overheated potato fries and can lead to the formation of compounds, which are carcinogenic. . via 2 processes:


1)   "HCAs “ (Heterocyclic amines) are formed when amino acids (the building blocks of proteins), sugars and creatine (a substance found in muscle) react at high temperatures
2)   “PAHs” (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons)- PAHs are formed when fat and juices from meat grilled directly over an open fire drip onto the fire, causing flames. These flames contain PAHs that then stick to the surface of the meat 

The body will eliminate carcinogen, through a process called “Biotransformation”. This is to make the carcinogen more water soluble so that it can be removed from the body. But these reactions can also- convert a less toxic one into a more toxic carcinogen


How to reduce carcinogen
i- Proper marinade may reduce the formation of these compounds. Marinades which are already  known to significantly reduce carcinogens when grilling are: garlic, rosemary, basil, mint, sage, savory, marjoram, oregano, olive oil, cherries and vitamin E.


ii-Side dishes and drinks rich in antioxidants, such as veggies and tea, have also been shown to neutralize the toxins by mixing in one's stomach


iii-Another method is pre-cooking the meat in the microwave for 2-3 minutes which helps remove HCA, then draining meat juices so they do not fall onto flames, preventing release of PCAs.
MARINADE RECIPE FOR GRILLED CHICKEN
HOW TO TRIM A WHOLE CHICKEN
Trimming a whole chicken:www.BBQbyDan.com
TRIM
-SPLIT and Cooked Flat. Use a butcher knife, place back of bird down on a cutting board, then run the knife through the entire length of the bird to split open. 
Slightly notch a slice, above the wishbone. Break the two halves apart and spread flat.  Remove the cartilage type backbone and the wishbone. For a better look, bend the wings back behind the body so as to let all the skin be browned.

MARINADE
Seasoning is simple on chicken.  Marinade in your favorite concoction, after marinade, add a  rub on.  Concoction  can be one or a combination of condiments like  soy sauce, teriyaki, honey, garlic, lemon grass juice AND melted butter or oil, marinade onto all the major parts. Marinade for 4 hours in  the fridge. Next, season chicken with either/ or mixed lemon pepper, garlic granules, cumin powder/ salt and marinade again for one hour more.


GLAZING
Most glazes (BBQ Sauces) have sugar content, thus sticky-  wait until the last 15 minutes of grilling, before brushing them on.  So, when just about done- pull, glaze, then put the bird back in for 15 minutes.  After that 15 minute period the bird is done.

MOISTURE IS THE KEY TO GOOD CHICKEN.. 
IT CAN BE BROWN/ BURNT ON THE OUTSIDE, BUT MOIST ON THE INSIDE.
Smoke in 100% pecan OR  80%oak and 20% hickory

FOOD JOKES

1.   Fat (wikiquote )

Saffy: You've been getting dressed for three hours and you still look    like a bloated citrus fruit.
Edina: You are what you eat, remember?
Saffy: Which makes you a very large vegetarian tart.

2-Part of the secret of success in life is to eat what you like and let the food fight it out inside. ~Mark Twain

37 comments:

  1. Replies
    1. hi rumana, thanks for your visit and comment, glad to know you. have a nice day

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  2. Great post dear,lots of useful information and also tips to reduce carcinogen,thanks for this wonderful post..have a great day:)

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    1. hi sujay, thanks and do avoid the carcinogens. have a nice day dear

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  3. Very helpful post. Thanks for sharing!

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    1. hi yummy chunklet, you are welcome.thanks and have a nice day

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  4. Replies
    1. hi julie, yes, it will be good to bookmark, glad you like it. have a nice day

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  5. I have been reading that microwaving is not healthy and here's one of the length article on it http://www.health-science.com/microwave_hazards.html, but suppose for 2-3 mins it may not be that bad. Again, it depends on how much we want to believe what we read and its subjective to each one of us.

    The one thing I can't still can't do right is trimming the chicken and most of the time, I get the market to do it for me. So your sharing is of great help for me for the next time I need to trim the chicken. Great sharing Maznah.

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    Replies
    1. hi nava, i thought you are already an expert on trimming chicken. have a nice day and thanks for coming over

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  6. Hi Wan, thanks for another cooking/grilling tips you've shared!:) Muaaahhhh !:) I love chicken when marinated and grilled and I will definitely follow all what you have shared! :) Thanks, thanks, thanks...:)

    Blessed day to you Wan...:)

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    Replies
    1. hi Linda, thanks, i really hope today is a blessed day for me. have a nice day

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  7. Interesting post, Wan! I love grilled item. And my favorite is grilled mushroom. The juice produced from mushroom when they were grilled taste amazing! :)

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    1. hi nash, good , i will try grill mushrooms next time,at least they dont produce carcinogen. have a nice day

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  8. grilled chicken is one of myt favorites dishes to cook because it's very easy and you end up with really tasty food!

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    Replies
    1. hi peachkins, agree with that chicken is a very popular food... but i prefer beef. have a nice day

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  9. Nice and a beautiful post. Thanks for sharing dear.

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    Replies
    1. hi zareena, thank you for the compliment and have a nice day.

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  10. Replies
    1. hi catalina, thank you for your visit, glad to know you.
      have a nice day

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  11. I didn't know that grilling can results carcinogen. Nice post Wan, as you touched every aspects of it.

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  12. hi swathi, thank you for your compliments. glad i was able to get a good info on carcinogen. usually this subject in untouched, only the grilling part is being enhanced.. tho carcinogen can be deadly..knowledge makes us find ways to minimize this effect.
    have a nice day

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  13. Replies
    1. hi master software. nice knowing you, thank you for your visit and have a nice day-

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  14. Replies
    1. hi cik awi, thank you for your visit, have a nice day

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  15. very informative post that is helpful to make perfectly grilled chicken...i love to try tofu in different varieties now as u said...i have just been trying some indian recipes all this while

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    Replies
    1. hi ramya, thanks and i love to learn you cooking method too. they look yummy. have a nice day

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  16. Replies
    1. hi sm, thank you for your regular visits. have a nice day

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  17. very interesting & yummy post..
    bookmarking this..thanks for sharing..:)
    Tasty Appetite

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    Replies
    1. hi jay, glad you came and like this post..thanks to you too.
      have a nice day

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  18. thank you for adding up to my cooking knowledge Wan..now I know how to decrease carcinogens and grilling chicken and fish is one of my best liked food..visiting you ;)

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  19. hi sie, how are you. settled in your new home yet?
    thank you, missed your presence. have a nice day

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